Carol Ryff


Professor Ryff’s research has a strong multidisciplinary focus on how psychological well-being is influenced by social context, structural influences such as age, gender, socio-economic status, race and ethnicity, and biological factors. Professor Ryff describes positive ageing as an Integrated Biopsychosocial Process.

Professor Ryff proposed a theory of psychological well-being (PWB) in 1989, something that at the time had been substantially overlooked in the work up till that point. Her theory has been researched in approximately 750 publications over 30 years. Her work on PWB is strongly represented in the research of the ‘MIDUS’ study – ‘Mid-Life in the United States’, a study which she leads that has been active for over 30 years.

Research publications on an extensive range of subjects can be here